LSSICE applies to any type of file or device that is downloaded to a user’s terminal equipment in order to store data that can be updated and retrieved by the entity responsible for its installation. A cookie is one of those widely used files, which we will generically refer to as cookies.
Cookies are small text files sent to a browser from a web server to record user activity on a website so that this information can be retrieved later during navigation through different pages connected to the server that installed them.
Cookies usually store technical information, personal preferences, content personalization, usage statistics, links to social networks, access to user accounts, etc.
Types of cookies
Below is a classification of cookies based on several categories. However, it is necessary to consider that a single cookie may be included in more than one category.
According to the entity that manages them
- First-party Cookies: These are cookies that are sent to the user's terminal equipment from a device or domain managed by the website's own editor and from which the requested service is provided.
- Third-party Cookies: These are cookies that are sent to the user's terminal equipment from a device or domain that is not managed by the website's editor but by another entity that processes the data obtained through cookies.
In the event that cookies are installed from a device or domain managed by the website's own editor, but the information collected through them is managed by a third party, they are not considered first-party cookies.
According to the duration of their activity
Based on the duration of their activity on the user's terminal, we can distinguish:
- Session Cookies: These are cookies designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a website. They are usually used to store information that is only relevant for providing the service requested by the user on a single occasion (e.g., a list of purchased products).
- Persistent Cookies: These are cookies in which the data remains stored on the user's terminal and can be accessed and processed during a period defined by the cookie's owner, which can range from a few minutes to several years.
According to their purpose
Based on the purpose for which the data obtained through cookies is processed, we can distinguish between:
- Technical Cookies: These are cookies that allow the user to navigate through a website, platform, or application and use the different options or services available, such as controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing restricted access areas, remembering the items that make up an order, completing the purchase process for an order, requesting registration or participation in an event, using security elements during navigation, storing content for the broadcasting of videos or sound, or sharing content through social networks.
- Personalization Cookies: These are cookies that allow the user to access the service with some predefined general characteristics based on a series of criteria on the user's terminal, such as language, type of browser through which they access the service, regional configuration from where they access the service, etc.
- Analysis Cookies: These are cookies that allow their owner to track and analyze the behavior of users on the websites to which they are linked. The information collected through this type of cookies is used to measure the activity of the websites, application, or platform and to create navigation profiles of the users of said sites, applications, and platforms, in order to make improvements based on the analysis of the usage data made by users of the service.
- Advertising Cookies: These are cookies that allow the most effective management of the advertising spaces that, if applicable, the editor has included on a website, application, or platform from which the requested service is provided, based on criteria such as the edited content or the frequency with which the ads are shown.
- Behavioral Advertising Cookies: These are cookies that allow the most effective management of the advertising spaces that, if applicable, the editor has included on a website, application, or platform from which the requested service is provided. These cookies store information about the behavior of users obtained through continuous observation of their browsing habits, which allows the development of a specific profile to display advertising based on it.
How to disable cookies in the main web browsers
What happens if you do not accept cookies
Rejecting cookies may prevent access to personalized content and services.